How often do you round various numbers in your day-to-day job? Do you know what type of rounding do you actually use?

Let’s compare several programming languages and their default (meaning without additional parameters if the rounding function allows it) rounding techniques.

I’ll use several notions of rounding: banker’s rounding, away from zero and round half up. More info about different techniques can be found on Wikipedia.

## .NET#

In dotnet (Framework, Core, 5+) banker’s rounding is used by default.

``````Math.Round(0.5); // 0
Math.Round(1.5); // 2
Math.Round(2.5); // 2
Math.Round(3.5); // 4

Math.Round(-23.5); // -24
``````

If you need away from zero, use the following

``````Math.Round(0.5, MidpointRounding.AwayFromZero); // 1
Math.Round(1.5, MidpointRounding.AwayFromZero); // 2
Math.Round(2.5, MidpointRounding.AwayFromZero); // 3
Math.Round(3.5, MidpointRounding.AwayFromZero); // 4

Math.Round(-23.5, MidpointRounding.AwayFromZero); // -24
``````

If you need round half up, use the following

``````Math.Round(0.5, MidpointRounding.ToPositiveInfinity); // 1
Math.Round(1.5, MidpointRounding.ToPositiveInfinity); // 2
Math.Round(2.5, MidpointRounding.ToPositiveInfinity); // 3
Math.Round(3.5, MidpointRounding.ToPositiveInfinity); // 4

Math.Round(-23.5, MidpointRounding.ToPositiveInfinity); // -23
``````

## JavaScript#

In JavaScript round half up is used be default.

``````Math.round(0.5); // 1
Math.round(1.5); // 2
Math.round(2.5); // 3
Math.round(3.5); // 4

Math.round(-23.5); // -23
``````

## Python (2.7, 3+)#

In Python 2.7 away from zero is used by default.

``````round(0.5) # 1
round(1.5) # 2
round(2.5) # 3
round(3.5) # 4

round(-23.5) # -24
``````

But in Python 3+ banker’s rounding is used by default.

``````round(0.5) # 0
round(1.5) # 2
round(2.5) # 2
round(3.5) # 4

round(-23.5) # -24
``````

This was quite surprising, to be honest.

## Java#

In Java (JDK 1.8.0, 9, 10, 11) round half up is used by default.

``````Math.round(0.5); // 1
Math.round(1.5); // 2
Math.round(2.5); // 3
Math.round(3.5); // 4

Math.round(-23.5); // -23
``````

## Go#

In Go away from zero is used by default.

``````math.Round(0.5) // 1
math.Round(1.5) // 2
math.Round(2.5) // 3
math.Round(3.5) // 4

math.Round(-23.5) // -24
``````

But if you want banker’s rounding there is a default function for this too.

``````math.RoundToEven(0.5) // 0
math.RoundToEven(1.5) // 2
math.RoundToEven(2.5) // 2
math.RoundToEven(3.5) // 4

math.RoundToEven(-23.5) // -24
``````

## PHP#

In PHP away from zero is used by default.

``````round(0.5); # 1
round(1.5); # 2
round(2.5); # 3
round(3.5); # 4

round(-23.5); # -24
``````